Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of Tuscany. It was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time and it is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance. A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family, and numerous religious and republican revolutions. From 1865 to 1871 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy.
The Historic Centre of Florence, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982, attracts more than 15 million tourists each year. Florence is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery, Pitti Palace with the Boboli Garden, the Galleria dell’Accademia home of Michelangelo’s sculpture David. Due to Florence’s artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.